Ted McElroy is probably best known for holding the world record for copying morse code, which he set in 1939.
But McElroy is also known for his telegraph key designs. He started manufacturing telegraph keys, both bugs and straight keys, in 1934, and produced them until just before his death in 1963.
The desitinctive T-Bar design of his earlier bugs was actually to allow the operator to tip the key on its side so it could be used as a straight key. A special clip on the damper held the pendulum in place when this hand key operation was desired.
**On a sad note, the telegraph world lost a great man in February, 2016 with the passing of Tom French, W1IMQ. Tom was the definitive expert on the telegraph instruments of Ted McElroy. Author of "McElroy, World's Champion Radio Telegrapher", as well as "The Vibroplex Collector's Guide", Tom had a real passion for researching the history of the keys he loved so much. He will be sorely missed.
(Click on the pictures below to see larger versions of the photo)
1934 Model (1934)
Notice that the dot contact is at the end of a long metal strip that comes up at an angle from the front support near the paddle.
Soon after introducing this key, he changed the design to put an upright support at the contact end of the strip. He also recalled many of the keys to be modified in this manner. Because of this, the 1934 Model is extremely rare. Probably only 2 or 3 are known to exist.
If you turn an early Mac key upside down and look under the base, you will see a lot of words and numbers that are cast into the base. Many people see the "9-34" and think this means they have a 1934 Mac, but all the early Mac key models had this same casting. So, you need to look at the contact strip to see if you have a genuine 1934 Mac.
|This is the underside of the base on the early Mac bugs (1934-1936). Note the 9-34 date in the center. This is what causes people to mistakenly believe they have a rare 1934 Mac key !|
1935 Model (1935)
The 1935 Model is nearly identical to the 1934, except for the addition of the contact support post. There are 2 versions of this key, the "Deep Vee" and "Shallow Vee" which refers to the angle of the 2 contact strips on the left side of the key. The "Shallow Vee" keys are a bit earlier than the "Deep Vee" keys, but the "Deep Vee" keys are much rarer.
|A big departure from the earlier designs. The base and housing are made of sheet metal and as you might expect, it was a horrible design. This makes the Mac Junior probably the 2nd rarest model.|
|Similar to the 1936 Model except the damper design changed, and a larger nameplate was used. Also, the cast lettering is gone from the underside of the base.|
The 1938 Mac was available in either the Standard Model with black crackle paint finish, or the Deluxe Model with faux "marbleite" finish. The Deluxe Model had a circuit closer.
|Very similar to the 1938 but with wider risers for the contact supports.|
|No nameplate, no circuit closer. Black crackle paint finish. Kind of a plain looking key.|
|Same as the Model 500 but in the marbleite finish. Had 2 ID decals on it. Also had a circuit closer.|
No more T-Bar frame. No circuit closer. Another plain looking key. Fairly scarce. Also pictured is one of the famous Mac-Key wooden boxes.
|This model looks pretty much just like a Vibroplex.|
|Also called the Super Stream-Speed. Kind of looks like an iron. McElroy's first all chrome bug, which was surprising considering he never liked chrome keys. He said they caused too much glare.|
Telegraph Apparatus CP-810
|Ted McElroy's Chicago partnership, Telegraph Apparatus Company made this bug which some call the "Hole in the Wall" bug because of the round hole in the frame. Was availabe in gray crackle finish or chrome plated.|